How do the electrons in the ionosphere interact with the world around them?
The electronosphere, or ionosphere, is a layer of electrically charged air and water molecules.
The ionosphere is the boundary between the Earth’s atmosphere and the solar atmosphere, and acts as a barrier between the two.
Like the earth’s atmosphere, it is composed of electrified air molecules.
In this case, electrons are the ions of the air.
They interact with other ions and the surrounding air molecules in the form of a strong magnetic field.
The ions then act as a magnetic shield, preventing the incoming solar radiation from penetrating the ionospheric layer.
The researchers found that the electrons that were in the air were able to travel along a line to reach the outer solar atmosphere.
This is called the “long path.”
In a similar way, when the researchers added the electron ions to the ionized water, the electron path increased to the point where the water ionosphere would be the most energetic.
This process, known as the “short path,” could explain why the electrons do not travel along the same magnetic path to reach Earth’s surface.